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How to chmod
Chmod permissions are part concerning the rights to read, write or execute a file. They also apply to files also named directories. There are also other rights are rights groups and the owners of these files or folders (directories) but these are not editable on shared hosting.
In this tutorial we will use the "FTP Client" FileZilla famous and free. This is a free software like Guppy.
Below is the screenshot of the interface of FileZilla :
Left window # 1 is the working folder selected on your PC
Right window # 2 represents the server and the folders and files therein
The chmods are done on the server they are on-line (on the web). So right in the window # 2
It is possible to chmod the files and / or folders one by one or in groups. In the example below, we will select an arbitrary group of files (blue background in the right window (2) So on the server).
These beings could chmodes simultaneously if necessary.
In the following example below, we will see how to chmod the folder selected (blue background).
Chmod the selected folder only.
Chmod selected and all the subfolders it may contain once (recursive chmod) file
Chmod all files in the selected folder and all files contained in subfolders but not the files themselves (recursive chmod)
To make or chmod, you have to right-click the selection, which will have the effect of bring up a context menu that you can see below and which is No. 3
We then left-click on the selected blue background online: Access rights to the file ...
This will have the effect of opening the window # 3 below :
This is the last window, above, which will allow us to apply the chmod
- Chmod for a single file or folder after selecting it and have made the procedure to open this window # 3 , it suffices to indicate the desired number in the box provided for this purpose and then click the button OK.
- Chmod to all files or folders from a selection, same as in 1
- Chmod to all files selected and all the folders in them and even on several levels below , choose the numerical value of chmod to apply (eg 755 ) , then check the box in the recursion in folders and click the radio button Apply to folders only . Do not forget to finish by clicking OK
- Chmod to all files in selected folders and files in all levels below them and even on several levels below , choose the numerical value of chmod to apply (eg 644) , then check the recursion box in subfolders and click the radio button Apply to files only . Do not forget to finish by clicking OK
Note: If the radio button "Apply to all files and folders" is rarely used because it applies in general not the same chmod files and folders.
As regards the values of chmod to apply, see this help